The shareholders generally recognize gain (or loss) in an amount equal to the difference between the fair market value (FMV) of the assets received (whether they are cash, other property, or both) and the adjusted basis of the stock surrendered.
Caution: Shareholders may want to evaluate the sale or disposal of stock by the end of 2012 to take advantage of the 15% dividend tax rate, lower individual income tax rates, and lower capital gain tax rates set to expire on Dec. Guidance on the tax treatment of these items in 2013 and subsequent tax years is uncertain, so practitioners should watch for future legislation.
Shareholders that do not have a strong preference on whether distributions in 2012 are taxed as dividends or capital gain/loss may prefer sale or exchange (capital) treatment in 2012 if they: Shareholders that assume corporate liabilities or receive property subject to corporate liabilities take the liabilities into account in computing their gain or loss.
This case study has been adapted from , 25th Edition, by Albert L.
Sharon owns 1,000 shares in the Tablet Universe Company and the company just announced that it is paying a liquidating dividend.
As a result, the tax consequences of a subsequent sale of the assets by the shareholder should be minimal. The corporation is treated as selling the distributed assets for FMV to its shareholders, with the resulting corporate-level tax consequences.